Genetic and Epigenetic Control of Heart Development

Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biol. 2020 Jul 1;12(7):a036756. doi: 10.1101/cshperspect.a036756.


A transcriptional program implemented by transcription factors and epigenetic regulators governs cardiac development and disease. Mutations in these factors are important causes of congenital heart disease. Here, we review selected recent advances in our understanding of the transcriptional and epigenetic control of heart development, including determinants of cardiac transcription factor chromatin occupancy, the gene regulatory network that regulates atrial septation, the chromatin landscape and cardiac gene regulation, and the role of Brg/Brahma-associated factor (BAF), nucleosome remodeling and histone deacetylation (NuRD), and Polycomb epigenetic regulatory complexes in heart development.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chromatin / metabolism
  • Chromatin Assembly and Disassembly
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Epigenesis, Genetic*
  • Epigenomics
  • Exome
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Gene Regulatory Networks
  • Genome
  • Heart / embryology*
  • Heart / physiology*
  • Histones / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Mutation*
  • Nucleosomes / metabolism
  • Organogenesis
  • Polycomb-Group Proteins / metabolism
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism
  • Transcription, Genetic


  • BANF1 protein, human
  • Chromatin
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Histones
  • Nucleosomes
  • Polycomb-Group Proteins
  • Transcription Factors