Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 12 (4), 529-547

Trauma and Autism Spectrum Disorder: Review, Proposed Treatment Adaptations and Future Directions

Affiliations

Trauma and Autism Spectrum Disorder: Review, Proposed Treatment Adaptations and Future Directions

Jessica L Peterson et al. J Child Adolesc Trauma.

Abstract

Empirical investigations of trauma and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are lacking despite indications of increased risk for exposure to potentially traumatic events in this population. Research on the treatment of traumatic stress psychopathology in ASD is even more limited and suggests a critical need for guidance in the area of ASD-specific treatment adaptations. The current paper provides preliminary recommendations for adapting current evidenced-based, trauma-specific interventions, specifically trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT), for individuals with ASD based on well-established and evidence-based practices for working with this population. These adaptations highlight the need to incorporate treatment goals related to ASD core symptoms and associated characteristics during treatment targeting traumatic stress symptoms. Future directions are discussed, including the development of instruments measuring trauma reactions in ASD, empirical investigations of modified trauma interventions for children with ASD to evaluate effectiveness, and collaboration between professionals specializing in ASD and trauma/PTSD to advance research and facilitate effective care for this community.

Keywords: Autism; Autism Spectrum; Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder; Trauma; Trauma Treatment.

Conflict of interest statement

DISCLOSURES All authors report no financial interests or potential conflicts of interest.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback