Tumor response criteria for assessing pazopanib first-line therapy in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC)

Abdom Radiol (NY). 2020 Jun;45(6):1872-1882. doi: 10.1007/s00261-019-02354-z.


Purpose: To identify the optimum response criteria for first-line targeted pazopanib therapy in patients with mRCC using solid tumor response criteria and clinical risk factors.

Methods: Pre- and post-treatment CTs of patients (n = 43) with mRCC treated with first-line pazopanib therapy were analyzed retrospectively. Treatment response was evaluated with Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) v1.1, Choi, modified Choi (mChoi), revised Choi (rChoi), MASS (Morphology, Attenuation, Size, and Structure), 10% threshold criteria, and subjective assessment. Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center and International Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Database Consortium clinical risk factors were also used to define response groups. Response evaluations were correlated with overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) using log-rank test.

Results: Patients with partial response (PR) by mChoi and rChoi had longer OS than those with stable disease (SD) (P < 0.001). Responders by 10% threshold criteria also had better OS, without or combined with clinical criteria. Patients with PR by rChoi, mChoi, RECIST v1.1, MASS criteria, and by subjective assessment had longer PFS than those with SD. rChoi and mChoi criteria best delineated the difference in PFS for patients with PR versus SD, without or combined with clinical criteria.

Conclusion: For mRCC patients treated with pazopanib, OS and PFS for PR and SD groups were best predicted by rChoi and mChoi criteria, without or combined with clinical risk factors. 10% threshold criteria also predicted OS and PFS, whereas RECIST did so only in a limited number of patients.

Keywords: First-line therapy; Pazopanib; Renal cell carcinoma; Tumor response criteria.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Carcinoma, Renal Cell* / diagnostic imaging
  • Carcinoma, Renal Cell* / drug therapy
  • Humans
  • Indazoles
  • Kidney Neoplasms* / diagnostic imaging
  • Kidney Neoplasms* / drug therapy
  • Pyrimidines / therapeutic use
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sulfonamides
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Indazoles
  • Pyrimidines
  • Sulfonamides
  • pazopanib