Background: The traditional method of bacterial identification based on 16S rRNA is a widely used and very effective detection method, but this method still has some deficiencies, especially in the identification of closely related strains. A high homology with little differences is mostly observed in the 16S sequence of closely related bacteria, which results in difficulty to distinguish them by 16S rRNA-based detection method. In order to develop a rapid and accurate method of bacterial identification, we studied the possibility of identifying bacteria with other characteristic fragments without the use of 16S rRNA as detection targets.
Results: We analyzed the potential of using cas (CRISPR-associated proteins) gene as a target for bacteria detection. We found that certain fragment located in the casx gene was species-specific and could be used as a specific target gene. Based on these fragments, we established a TaqMan MGB Real-time PCR method for detecting bacteria. We found that the method used in this study had the advantages of high sensitivity and good specificity.
Conclusions: The casx gene-based method of bacterial identification could be used as a supplement to the conventional 16 s rRNA-based detection method. This method has an advantage over the 16 s rRNA-based detection method in distinguishing the genetic relationship between closely-related bacteria, such as subgroup bacteria, and can be used as a supplement to the 16 s rRNA-based detection method.
Keywords: 16 s rRNA; Cas; Lactobacillus casei; Rapid detection method; TaqMan MGB RT-PCR.