OBJECTIVE. Atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH), atypical lobular hyperplasia (ALH), and lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) are among high-risk lesions that have been previously recommended for surgical excision when diagnosed on core needle biopsy. Recent studies have examined whether imaging surveillance is a reasonable alternative to surgical management for these lesions. This article synthesizes the evidence regarding management of atypical hyperplasia and LCIS diagnosed on core needle biopsy and clinical implications of these diagnoses on future breast cancer risk as well as highlights areas of further research needed to improve practice guidelines for these high-risk lesions. CONCLUSION. Although surgical excision is still recommended after diagnosis of ADH on core needle biopsy, in specific circumstances ALH and LCIS can safely be managed by imaging surveillance.
Keywords: atypical ductal hyperplasia; atypical lobular hyperplasia; lobular carcinoma in situ; surgical excision; surveillance.