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. 2019 Dec 9;18:eAO4706.
doi: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2020AO4706. eCollection 2020.

Evaluating the Disease and Treatment Information Provided to Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease at the Time of Discharge According to GOLD Discharge Guidelines

[Article in English, Portuguese]
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Free PMC article

Evaluating the Disease and Treatment Information Provided to Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease at the Time of Discharge According to GOLD Discharge Guidelines

[Article in English, Portuguese]
Letícia de Araújo Morais et al. Einstein (Sao Paulo). .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the disease and treatment information provided to patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease at hospital discharge.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study including hospitalized patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease at three tertiary hospitals. The study was based on seven items of the Global Initiative for Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) discharge guidelines. Two hospitals in this study had a Medical Residency Program in Pulmonology, and one did not have the program.

Results: Fifty-four patients were evaluated. Large amounts of information were provided concerning effective pharmacological maintenance (item 1), blood gas evaluation/measurement of oxygen saturation (item 2), assessment of inhalation technique (item 4), and maintenance therapy (item 5). Less information was provided regarding comorbidity management planning (item 3), the completion of antibiotic/corticosteroid therapy (item 6) and follow-up with the attending physician or specialist (item 7) had less information. We observed significant differences between hospitals for items 1, 4 and 7, and better performance in hospitals with medical residency in pulmonology.

Conclusion: Hospitalized patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease received little to no information about the seven items addressed by GOLD discharge guidelines. This finding suggests that these guidelines should be used more often by clinicians in hospital with or without medical residency in pulmonology. The lack of specialized care resulted in insufficient amount of information for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease at discharge.

Objetivo: Avaliar informações sobre a doença e o tratamento fornecidos a pacientes com doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica no momento da alta hospitalar.

Métodos: Estudo transversal incluindo pacientes internados com doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica de três hospitais terciários. O estudo baseou-se em sete itens das diretrizes de alta hospitalar da Global Initiative for Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD). Dois hospitais participantes deste estudo tinham um Programa de Residência Médica em Pneumologia, e o terceiro não tinha.

Resultados: Foram avaliados 54 pacientes. Muitas informações foram fornecidas em relação à manutenção farmacológica efetiva (item 1), avaliação de gasometria/medida da saturação de oxigênio (item 2), avaliação da técnica de inalação (item 4) e terapia de manutenção (item 5). Foram fornecidas menos informações em relação ao planejamento do manejo de comorbidade (item 3), a realização de antibioticoterapia/corticoterapia (item 6) e seguimento com o médico assistente ou especialista (item 7). Observaram-se diferenças significativas entre os hospitais para os itens 1, 4 e 7, e melhor desempenho nos hospitais com Programa de Residência Médica em Pneumologia.

Conclusão: Pacientes hospitalizados com doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica receberam pouca ou nenhuma informação relacionada aos sete itens abordados pelas diretrizes da GOLD para alta. Esses achados sugerem que essas diretrizes deveriam ser utilizadas com maior frequência por clínicos em hospitais com ou sem Programa Residência Médica em Pneumologia. A falta de atendimento especializado resultou em informação insuficiente para pacientes com doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica na alta hospitalar.

Conflict of interest statement

Conflict of interest: none.

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