Successful laparoscopic resection of virilizing ovarian steroid cell tumor, not otherwise specified, in a 22-year-old woman: a case report and evaluation of the steroidogenic pathway

Fukushima J Med Sci. 2020 Jan 9;65(3):133-139. doi: 10.5387/fms.2019-25. Epub 2019 Dec 11.


Objective: Ovarian steroid cell tumor (SCT) is a rare tumor with steroid-producing ability. We report a 22-year-old woman with secondary amenorrhea and hirsutism caused by an ovarian SCT-not otherwise specified (NOS), who underwent successfully laparoscopic resection of the tumor.

Case report: A 22-year-old null gravida woman presented to a hospital, having amenorrhea for 18 months and increasing facial hair. Physical examination revealed obesity (body mass index, 37.3 kg/m2) with evident facial and trunk hair. Total and free serum testosterone, and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate levels were found to be elevated. Levels of serum adrenocorticotropic hormone, gonadotropins, cortisol, aldosterone, and ovarian steroids were observed to be within reference intervals. Although polycystic ovaries were not found, a hyperechogenic solid tumor (3 cm) was detected on transvaginal ultrasonography. Laparoscopic resection of the tumor was performed. One month post-surgery, total and free testosterone levels were observed to have decreased, and menstruation resumed two months thereafter. The patient was histologically diagnosed with ovarian SCT-NOS. Expression of ovarian steroidogenic enzymes, which are related to hyperandrogenism, was observed. No disease recurrence has been reported for more than 5 years post-surgery.

Keywords: amenorrhea; hyperandrogenism; laparoscopic surgery; ovarian tumor; steroid cell tumor not other specified.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Humans
  • Laparoscopy / methods*
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / blood
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Steroids / biosynthesis*
  • Testosterone / blood*
  • Virilism / blood
  • Virilism / surgery*
  • Young Adult


  • Steroids
  • Testosterone