Effects on Lower Extremity Neuromuscular Control Exercises on Knee Proprioception, Muscle Strength, and Functional Level in Patients with ACL Reconstruction

Biomed Res Int. 2019 Nov 15;2019:1694695. doi: 10.1155/2019/1694695. eCollection 2019.

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of lower extremity motor control exercises on knee proprioception, muscle strength, and functional level in patients with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACL-R).

Materials and methods: Thirty-two of the 57 patients with ACL-R using tibialis anterior allografts were divided into two groups. Group I: lower extremity motor control exercises were added to the standard rehabilitation program. Group II: standard rehabilitation program was applied. Effects of lower extremity motor control exercises on quadriceps and hamstring muscles strength, knee joint position sense, and hop test were evaluated.

Results: There were no differences in muscle strength and endurance of the quadriceps and hamstring between the operative and nonoperative sides in Group I (p > 0.05) while there were significant differences in strength of the quadriceps and hamstring between the operative and nonoperative sides in Group II (p < 0.05). There were significant differences in the endurance of the quadriceps and hamstring and knee joint position sense at 15°, 45°, and 75° between the operative sides of the patients in both groups (p < 0.05).

Conclusions: The neuromuscular control exercises program was found to be more effective in reducing the difference in strength while the standard program was found to be more effective in reducing the difference in endurance between the operated knee and the other knee. This study revealed that neuromuscular control exercises should also be used to improve knee proprioception sense following ACL-R.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament / physiopathology*
  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries / physiopathology*
  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction / rehabilitation
  • Exercise / physiology*
  • Exercise Therapy / methods
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Joint Instability / physiopathology
  • Knee Injuries / physiopathology*
  • Knee Joint / physiopathology
  • Lower Extremity / physiopathology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Muscle Strength / physiology*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiopathology
  • Proprioception / physiology
  • Range of Motion, Articular / physiology
  • Young Adult