Diagnosis and Management of Allergic Rhinitis in Children

Pediatr Ann. 2019 Dec 1;48(12):e485-e488. doi: 10.3928/19382359-20191111-01.


Allergic rhinitis is one of the most common chronic diseases managed by pediatricians. It can result in a significant burden of disease for the patient and their family. This article reviews classification of this condition as well as its pathophysiology, mediated by a Th2 lymphocyte response. Methods of diagnosis via elicitation of a thorough history, focused physical examination, and testing for specific allergen sensitization are discussed. Treatment of this condition is examined, focusing on allergen avoidance and a variety of available pharmacotherapies. Finally, allergen immunotherapy modalities and their potential for disease-modifying effects as well as their potential risks and benefits are outlined. [Pediatr Ann. 2019;48(12):e485-e488.].

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Age Distribution
  • Allergens / immunology*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Chronic Disease
  • Desensitization, Immunologic / methods*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Physical Examination / methods
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Quality of Life*
  • Rhinitis, Allergic / diagnosis*
  • Rhinitis, Allergic / drug therapy*
  • Rhinitis, Allergic / epidemiology
  • Risk Assessment
  • Sex Distribution
  • Skin Tests
  • Treatment Outcome
  • United States / epidemiology


  • Allergens