Oligosaccharyltransferase (OST) catalyzes the transfer of a high-mannose glycan onto secretory proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum. Mammals express two distinct OST complexes that act in a cotranslational (OST-A) or posttranslocational (OST-B) manner. Here, we present high-resolution cryo-electron microscopy structures of human OST-A and OST-B. Although they have similar overall architectures, structural differences in the catalytic subunits STT3A and STT3B facilitate contacts to distinct OST subunits, DC2 in OST-A and MAGT1 in OST-B. In OST-A, interactions with TMEM258 and STT3A allow ribophorin-I to form a four-helix bundle that can bind to a translating ribosome, whereas the equivalent region is disordered in OST-B. We observed an acceptor peptide and dolichylphosphate bound to STT3B, but only dolichylphosphate in STT3A, suggesting distinct affinities of the two OST complexes for protein substrates.
Copyright © 2019 The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S. Government Works.