Insights from molecular dynamics simulation of human ceruloplasmin (ferroxidase enzyme) binding with biogenic monoamines

Bioinformation. 2019 Oct 31;15(10):750-759. doi: 10.6026/97320630015750. eCollection 2019.


Human ceruloplasmin (hCP) is a multi-copper oxidase with ferroxidase and amine oxidase activities. Molecular dynamics simulation (MDS) and docking analysis of biogenic monoamines with ceruloplasmin explain the role of Asp1025, Glu935, Glu272, Glu232 and Glu230 together with the binding site water molecules (referred as conserved water molecules) in the stabilization of neurotransmitter (Serotonin, Norepinephrine and Epinephrine) molecules within the binding cavity of hCP. Conserved water molecules are found at specific positions interacting with the protein structures that have sequence similarity. The ethylamine side chain nitrogen atom (N1) of neurotransmitter molecules interacts with water molecules in the binding cavity formed by Asp1025, Glu935 and Glu232 residues. These residues form an acidic triad mimicking a substrate binding cavity. The hydroxyl groups attached to the catechol ring of epinephrine and norepinephrine have been stabilized by Asp230 and Asp232 residues. Data suggests that the recognition of biogenic amines mediates through the N+(amine) ...Asp1025-His1026-CuCis-His path. The potential recognition path of biogenic monoamines to trinuclear copper cluster supported by active site water molecules (referred as conserved water molecules) is described in this report.

Keywords: Ceruloplasmin; biogenic monoamines; conserved water molecules.