Targeted regions sequencing identified four novel PNPLA1 mutations in two Chinese families with autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis

Mol Genet Genomic Med. 2020 Feb;8(2):e1076. doi: 10.1002/mgg3.1076. Epub 2019 Dec 13.


Background: Autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis (ARCI) is a rare genetically heterogeneous cutaneous disease predominantly characterized by erythroderma, generalized abnormal scaling of the whole body and a collodion membrane at birth. Numerous causative genes have been demonstrated to be responsible for ARCI including PNPLA1 which can cause ARCI type 10. The objectives of this study are to describe clinical features of three ARCI patients from two Chinese unrelated families and to identify the underlying causative mutations.

Methods: Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral venous blood obtained from the two Chinese ARCI families in Shandong province. Subsequently, targeted regions sequencing (TRS) followed by Sanger sequencing was conducted to identify and validate the likely pathogenic mutations of the ARCI families.

Results: Genetic analyses revealed four novel PNPLA1 variants that are predicted to be probably to lead to ARCI in three patients of two families. Patient 1 in one family was in compound heterozygous status for c.604delC/p.Arg202Glyfs*27 and c.820dupC/p.Arg274Profs*15, whereas c.738_742delinsCCCACAGATCCTGC/ p.Gly247_Tyr248delinsProGlnIleLeuHis, and c.816dupC/p.Arg274Profs*15 were found in patient 2 and 3 of the other family. In addition, these variants cosegregate in the two pedigrees and are all within highly conserved regions of the PNPLA1 protein, which indicate that the four mutations are likely pathogenic.

Conclusion: Our findings not only broaden the mutational spectrum of PNPLA1, but also contribute to establishing genotype-phenotype correlations for different forms of ARCI.

Keywords: PNPLA1; Sanger sequencing; autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis (ARCI); genetic analyses; targeted regions sequencing (TRS).

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Conserved Sequence
  • Female
  • Genes, Recessive*
  • Genetic Testing / methods
  • Humans
  • Ichthyosis / genetics*
  • Ichthyosis / pathology
  • Lipase / chemistry
  • Lipase / genetics*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mutation*
  • Pedigree
  • Phenotype
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA / methods


  • Lipase
  • PNPLA1 protein, human