Design of Advanced Functional Materials Using Nanoporous Single-Site Photocatalysts

Chem Rec. 2020 Jul;20(7):660-671. doi: 10.1002/tcr.201900085. Epub 2019 Dec 13.


Nanoporous silica solids can offer opportunities for hosting photocatalytic components such as various tetra-coordinated transition metal ions to form systems referred to as "single-site photocatalysts". Under UV/visible-light irradiation, they form charge transfer excited states, which exhibit a localized charge separation and thus behave differently from those of bulk semiconductor photocatalysts exemplified by TiO2 . This account presents an overview of the design of advanced functional materials based on the unique photo-excited mechanisms of single-site photocatalysts. Firstly, the incorporation of single-site photocatalysts within transparent porous silica films will be introduced, which exhibit not only unique photocatalytic properties, but also high surface hydrophilicity with self-cleaning and antifogging applications. Secondary, photo-assisted deposition (PAD) of metal precursors on single-site photocatalysts opens up a new route to prepare nanoparticles. Thirdly, visible light sensitive photocatalysts with single and/or binary oxides moieties can be prepared so as to use solar light, the ideal energy source.

Keywords: nanoparticle; nanopore; single-site photocatalyst; thin film; visible-light.

Publication types

  • Review