Introduction: Autologous cell harvesting and processing devices are designed to facilitate the harvesting of cells using enzymatic and physical disruption techniques to immediately apply non-cultured autologous cell suspension (ACS) to the wound area.
Objective: This case report evaluates clinical outcomes following application of cellular suspension with split-thickness skin grafts (STSGs) as an adjunct for definitive closure of burn injuries and donor sites in 2 pediatric patients.
Materials and methods: The cases were performed under a humanitarian use protocol following institutional review board approval at St. Christopher's Hospital for Children (Philadelphia, PA).
Results: The first patient was a 4-year-old girl with partial- and full-thickness (32% total body surface area) burn injuries of her head, trunk, flank, arms, thighs, and feet. The patient was discharged 19 days following ACS treatment. The second patient was an 18-month-old girl with partial- and full-thickness (21% total body surface area) burns involving the bilateral lower extremities. She was discharged 22 days after ACS treatment with widely meshed autograft. Neither patient required additional surgical interventions. All treatment and donor areas for both patients remained uninfected and neither patient experienced any unexpected treatment-related adverse events.
Conclusions: These cases are the first of their kind reported in the pediatric population and suggest ACS in conjunction with STSGs can help decrease surgical procedures and expedite healing in pediatric patients with large surface burns.