Purpose: Numerous attempts have been made to extend the boundaries of arterial switch operation (ASO) in children presenting late with transposition of great arteries with intact ventricular septum (TGA/IVS) and regressed left ventricle (rLV). Many children tolerate the delayed ASO uneventfully, whereas others need mechanical circulatory support (MCS) to sustain the systemic circulation while the left ventricle undergoes retraining.
Description: In this article, we describe six consecutive children with TGA/IVS and rLV who underwent primary ASO.
Results: Three were managed medically, while three required MCS in the form of Centrimag left ventricular assist device (LVAD). All patients survived the operation and were discharged home in a stable condition.
Conclusions: Primary ASO can be safely performed in children with TGA/IVS and rLV, provided the center has MCS options. Supporting the rLV with LVAD is feasible and can be achieved safely.
Keywords: arterial switch operation; circulatory assist devices (LVAD, RVAD, BVAD, TAH); congenital heart surgery; left; ventricle.