Longitudinal Associations Between Bullying and Intimate Partner Violence Among Adolescents and Young Adults

Violence Vict. 2019 Dec 1;34(6):1011-1029. doi: 10.1891/0886-6708.VV-D-18-00135.


This study assessed longitudinal associations between bullying and intimate partner violence (IPV) among adolescents and young adults in a U.S.-based cohort study. Participants (N = 5,279) reported past-year bullying when they were 14-20 years old and reported lifetime experiences of IPV when they were 20-27 years old. The results indicate that participants reporting being bullied more than twice were at elevated risk of IPV victimization compared to participants reporting no bullying victimization, adjusting for bullying perpetration and covariates. Participants reporting bullying others once or more were at elevated risk of IPV perpetration compared to participants reporting no bullying perpetration, adjusting for bullying victimization and covariates. There was no evidence that the associations differed by gender. Results suggest that adolescents carry forward behaviors from their peer relationships to their dating relationships. Findings may have implications for school-based programs, which should explicitly integrate IPV prevention into bullying prevention efforts.

Keywords: adolescence; bullying; intimate partner violence; perpetration; victimization.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Behavior*
  • Bullying / prevention & control
  • Bullying / psychology*
  • Cohort Studies
  • Crime Victims*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Intimate Partner Violence*
  • Male
  • Young Adult