Life events and difficulties preceding the onset of functional dysphonia

J Psychosom Res. 1988;32(3):311-9. doi: 10.1016/0022-3999(88)90073-6.


The Bedford College Life Events and Difficulties Schedule was used to determine the experiences of 56 women and 9 men who were interviewed about the 12 months before the onset of functional dysphonia. Thirty (54%) of the women had experienced a difficulty or event which involved conflict over speaking out (CSO), a dimension developed during the course of the study. Only 16% of a comparison group had such experiences. Other types of event and difficulty were no commoner in the dysphonic women than in the comparison group.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Conflict, Psychological
  • Conversion Disorder / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Life Change Events*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Speech
  • Stress, Psychological / complications
  • Voice Disorders / psychology*