Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy

Muscle Nerve. 2020 Apr;61(4):436-448. doi: 10.1002/mus.26782. Epub 2019 Dec 28.


Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD) is a rare muscular dystrophy, but is particularly important to diagnose due to frequent life-threatening cardiac complications. EDMD classically presents with muscle weakness, early contractures, cardiac conduction abnormalities and cardiomyopathy, although the presence and severity of these manifestations vary by subtype and individual. Associated genes include EMD, LMNA, SYNE1, SYNE2, FHL1, TMEM43, SUN1, SUN2, and TTN, encoding emerin, lamin A/C, nesprin-1, nesprin-2, FHL1, LUMA, SUN1, SUN2, and titin, respectively. The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man database recognizes subtypes 1 through 7, which captures most but not all of the associated genes. Genetic diagnosis is essential whenever available, but traditional diagnostic tools can help steer the evaluation toward EDMD and assist with interpretation of equivocal genetic test results. Management is primarily supportive, but it is important to monitor patients closely, especially for potential cardiac complications. There is a high potential for progress in the treatment of EDMD in the coming years.

Keywords: Emery-Dreifuss; cardiomyopathy; contractures; emerin; laminopathy; muscular dystrophy.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Databases, Genetic
  • Humans
  • Muscle, Skeletal / pathology*
  • Muscular Dystrophy, Emery-Dreifuss / diagnosis*
  • Muscular Dystrophy, Emery-Dreifuss / genetics
  • Muscular Dystrophy, Emery-Dreifuss / pathology