We conducted a randomized controlled trial to compare the efficacy of adding a video tool to a printed booklet on osteoporosis. Both strategies were effective in increasing knowledge and decreasing decisional conflict. There was no difference in the measured outcomes between the intervention and control groups. Patient preferences and learning styles are key factors in deciding a presentation format when educating patients with osteoporosis.
Introduction: Innovative approaches to patient education about self-management in osteoporosis may improve outcomes.
Methods: We conducted a randomized controlled trial to compare the efficacy of adding a multimedia patient education tool involving video modeling to a printed educational booklet on osteoporosis. Participants were post-menopausal women with osteoporosis. We assessed osteoporosis knowledge, decisional conflict, self-efficacy, and effectiveness in disease management at baseline, immediately post-intervention, and at 3 and 6 months. Linear regression models were used to explore changes in outcomes at 6 months with respect to baseline characteristics.
Results: Two hundred and twenty-five women were randomized, 111 to receive the multimedia tool in addition to the booklet and 114 to receive the booklet alone. Knowledge and decisional conflict scores significantly improved in both groups at all post-intervention assessment points, but with no significant differences in score changes between the groups. Self-efficacy and disease management effectiveness showed no significant changes from baseline. In the entire cohort, younger age was associated with better effectiveness in disease management and Hispanic women had greater gains in knowledge at 6 months compared to White women. Women with limited health literacy who had received the multimedia tool in addition to the printed materials had higher decisional conflict than those who received printed materials alone.
Conclusion: Both multimedia and printed tools increased knowledge and decreased decisional conflict to the same extent, neither of the educational materials proved to be better than the other. For women with limited health literacy, receiving the booklet alone was more effective in reducing decisional conflict after 6 months, than adding the multimedia tool.
Keywords: Education intervention; Osteoporosis; Patient education; Postmenopausal women; Randomized controlled trial.