The CD37 targeting radioimmunoconjugate 177Lu-lilotomab satetraxetan (Betalutin) is currently being evaluated in a clinical phase 2b trial for patients with follicular lymphoma (FL) and in a phase 1 trial for patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Herein we have investigated the effect of 177Lu-lilotomab satetraxetan in seven activated B-cell like (ABC) DLBCL cell lines. Although the radioimmunoconjugate showed anti-tumor activity, primary resistance was observed in a subset of cell lines. Thus, we set out to identify drugs able to overcome the resistance to 177Lu-lilotomab satetraxetan in two resistant ABC-DLBCL cell lines. We performed a viability-based screen combining 177Lu-lilotomab satetraxetan with the 384-compound Cambridge Cancer Compound Library. Drug combinations were scored using Bliss and Chou-Talalay algorithms. We identified and characterized the dual-specific CDK1/2 and AURA/B kinase inhibitor JNJ-7706621 as compound able to revert the resistance to RIT, alongside topoisomerase and histone deacetylases (HDAC) inhibitors.
Keywords: CD37; aurora kinase; combination therapy; cyclin-dependent kinase; lymphoma; polo-like kinase; radiation resistance; radioimmunotherapy (RIT).
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