First-In-Human Phase I Study Of A Dual mTOR Kinase And DNA-PK Inhibitor (CC-115) In Advanced Malignancy

Cancer Manag Res. 2019 Dec 13:11:10463-10476. doi: 10.2147/CMAR.S208720. eCollection 2019.


Purpose: This first-in-human Phase I study investigated the safety, pharmacokinetics (PK), pharmacodynamic profile, and preliminary efficacy of CC-115, a dual inhibitor of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) kinase and DNA-dependent protein kinase.

Patients and methods: Patients with advanced solid or hematologic malignancies were enrolled in dose-finding and cohort expansion phases. In dose-finding, once-daily or twice-daily (BID) ascending oral doses of CC-115 (range: 0.5-40 mg/day) in 28-day continuous cycles identified the maximum-tolerated dose for cohort expansion in 5 specified tumor types. Twelve additional patients with mixed solid tumors participated in a bioavailability substudy.

Results: Forty-four patients were enrolled in the dose-finding cohort. Dose-limiting toxicity included thrombocytopenia, stomatitis, hyperglycemia, asthenia/fatigue, and increased transaminases. CC-115 10 mg BID was selected for cohort expansion (n=74) in which fatigue, nausea, and decreased appetite were the most frequent toxicities. Dose-proportional PK was found. CC-115 distributed to glioblastoma tissue (mean tumor/plasma concentration ratio: 0.713). Total exposure of CC-115 was similar under fasting and fed conditions. A patient with endometrial carcinoma remained in complete remission >4 years. Partial response (PR; n=2) and stable disease (SD; n=4) were reported in the bioavailability substudy; SD was reached in 53%, 22%, 21%, and 64% of patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, Ewing sarcoma, glioblastoma multiforme, and castration-resistant prostate cancer, respectively. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma showed 38% PR and 25% SD.

Conclusion: CC-115 was well-tolerated, with toxicities consistent with mTOR inhibitors. Together with biomarker inhibition and preliminary efficacy, oral CC-115 10 mg BID is a promising novel anticancer treatment.

Clinical trial registration: NCT01353625.

Keywords: CC-115; DNA-PK inhibitor; Phase I study; mTOR inhibitor; mTORC1/mTORC2.

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