Replacing normal metal NMR coils with thin-film high-temperature superconductor (HTS) resonators can significantly improve the sensitivity of analytical NMR. To study the use of these resonators for excitation as well as detection, we investigated the radio frequency properties of the HTS NMR coils in both frequency and time domain at a variety of transmit power levels. Experiments were conducted on a double-sided, counter wound spiral resonator designed to detect NMR signals from 13C nuclei at 14.1 T. Power-dependent nonlinearity was observed in the transmission coefficient and quality factor. The ability of the HTS resonators to accurately generate short pulses was studied in the time domain over the range power levels. The results of this study show that some form of Q switching is needed to get good transmit performance from HTS coils for 13C. For that purpose, the effect of adding a shorted transmission line stub to improve the pulse shapes and reduce phase transients was studied.
Keywords: Nuclear magnetic resonance; high-temperature superconductors; superconducting devices.