YEATS-domain-containing MLLT1 is an acetyl/acyl-lysine reader domain, which is structurally distinct from well-studied bromodomains and has been strongly associated in development of cancer. Here, we characterized piperazine-urea derivatives as an acetyl/acyl-lysine mimetic moiety for MLLT1. Crystal structures revealed distinct interaction mechanisms of this chemotype compared to the recently described benzimidazole-amide based inhibitors, exploiting different binding pockets within the protein. Thus, the piperazine-urea scaffold offers an alternative strategy for targeting the YEATS domain family.
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