The purpose of this study was to examine the perspectives of individuals with visual impairment toward inclusion and the inclusiveness of their integrated physical education experiences. A retrospective, qualitative-description research approach was used, and 10 adults (age 20-35 years) with visual impairments acted as the participants. The data sources included one-on-one telephone interviews and reflective interview notes. A theoretical thematic analysis approach was used to analyze the data. Three interrelated themes were identified: "I always felt like a misfit": a missing sense of belonging, acceptance, and value; "I felt very excluded, very pushed to the side": lack of access to activity participation; and "Even though it sucked, I do agree with it": preference for integrated settings. Collectively, the participants recalled that experiencing feelings of inclusion during physical education were rare. Despite this, they expressed a perceived importance of being integrated in contexts with their peers.
Keywords: adapted physical education; blindness; inclusion; qualitative; social justice.
Experiences of Individuals With Visual Impairments in Integrated Physical Education: A Retrospective Study.Res Q Exerc Sport. 2017 Dec;88(4):425-435. doi: 10.1080/02701367.2017.1346781. Epub 2017 Jul 19. Res Q Exerc Sport. 2017. PMID: 28723249
Paraeducator Support in Integrated Physical Education as Reflected by Adults With Visual Impairments.Adapt Phys Activ Q. 2018 Dec 11:1-18. doi: 10.1123/apaq.2018-0063. Online ahead of print. Adapt Phys Activ Q. 2018. PMID: 30525919
Experiences in Physical Education: Exploring the Intersection of Visual Impairment and Maleness.Adapt Phys Activ Q. 2018 Apr 1;35(2):196-213. doi: 10.1123/apaq.2017-0132. Epub 2018 Mar 13. Adapt Phys Activ Q. 2018. PMID: 29529866
Participation in environmental enhancement and conservation activities for health and well-being in adults: a review of quantitative and qualitative evidence.Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016 May 21;2016(5):CD010351. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD010351.pub2. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016. PMID: 27207731 Free PMC article. Review.
Health professionals' experience of teamwork education in acute hospital settings: a systematic review of qualitative literature.JBI Database System Rev Implement Rep. 2016 Apr;14(4):96-137. doi: 10.11124/JBISRIR-2016-1843. JBI Database System Rev Implement Rep. 2016. PMID: 27532314 Review.