177 Lu-NM600 Targeted Radionuclide Therapy Extends Survival in Syngeneic Murine Models of Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

J Nucl Med. 2020 Aug;61(8):1187-1194. doi: 10.2967/jnumed.119.236265. Epub 2019 Dec 20.


There is a clinically unmet need for effective treatments for triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), as it remains the most aggressive subtype of breast cancer. Herein, we demonstrate a promising strategy using a tumor-targeting alkylphosphocholine (NM600) for targeted radionuclide therapy of TNBC. Methods: NM600 was radiolabeled with 86Y for PET imaging and 177Lu for targeted radionuclide therapy. 86Y-NM600 PET imaging was performed on female BALB/C mice bearing syngeneic 4T07 (nonmetastatic) and 4T1 (metastatic) TNBC tumor grafts (n = 3-5). Quantitative data derived from a PET-image region-of-interest analysis, which was corroborated by ex vivo biodistribution, were used to estimate the dosimetry of 177Lu-NM600 treatments. Weight measurement, complete blood counts, and histopathology analysis were performed to determine 177Lu-NM600 toxicity in naïve BALB/C mice administered 9.25 or 18.5 MBq. Groups of mice bearing 4T07 or 4T1 grafts (n = 5-6) received excipient or 9.25 or 18.5 MBq of 177Lu-NM600 as a single or fractionated schedule, and tumor growth and overall survival were monitored. Results: Excellent tumor targeting and rapid normal-tissue clearance of 86Y-NM600 were noted in both 4T07 and 4T1 murine models. Ex vivo biodistribution corroborated the accuracy of the PET data and validated 86Y-NM600 as a surrogate for 177Lu-NM600. 177Lu-NM600 dosimetry showed absorbed doses of 2.04 ± 0.32 and 1.68 ± 0.06 Gy/MBq to 4T07 and 4T1 tumors, respectively, which were larger than those delivered to liver (1.28 ± 0.09 Gy/MBq) and to bone marrow (0.31 ± 0.05 Gy/MBq). The 177Lu-NM600 injected activities used for treatment were well tolerated and resulted in significant tumor growth inhibition and prolonged overall survival in both tested TNBC models. A complete response was attained in 60% of treated mice bearing 4T07 grafts. Conclusion: Overall, our results suggest that 177Lu-NM600 targeted radionuclide therapy has potential for TNBC and merits further exploration in a clinical setting.

Keywords: 177Lu-NM600; TNBC; targeted radionuclide therapy; theranostics; triple-negative breast cancer.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Lutetium / chemistry
  • Mice
  • Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography
  • Radiochemistry
  • Radioisotopes / chemistry
  • Radiometry
  • Survival Analysis
  • Tissue Distribution
  • Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms / pathology
  • Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms / radiotherapy*


  • Radioisotopes
  • Lutetium