Craniosynostosis and oculomotor disorders

Neurochirurgie. 2020 Apr;66(2):91-96. doi: 10.1016/j.neuchi.2019.10.010. Epub 2019 Dec 19.


Simple, complex or syndromic craniosynostosis may be responsible for ocular and especially oculomotor pathologies. Among simple craniosynostosis, anterior plagiocephaly is the most frequently associated with oculomotor disorders. Oculomotor disorders encountered in craniosynostosis are specific to this pathology. They may be related to orbital deformities or oculomotor muscle malformations. Early craniofacial surgery reduces the onset and severity of these oculomotor disorders which is very important for ophtalmological patient care. Indeed, these oculomotor disorders are difficult to treat for the ophthalmologist with most of the time several surgeries needed, and lead to amblyopia if neglected.

Keywords: Craniofacial surgery; Craniosynostosis; Oculomotor disorder; Strabismus.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Amblyopia / etiology
  • Amblyopia / therapy
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Craniosynostoses / complications*
  • Craniosynostoses / diagnosis
  • Craniosynostoses / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Oculomotor Muscles / abnormalities
  • Oculomotor Muscles / surgery
  • Ophthalmoplegia / complications*
  • Ophthalmoplegia / diagnosis
  • Ophthalmoplegia / surgery*
  • Orbital Diseases / surgery
  • Plagiocephaly / complications
  • Plagiocephaly / diagnosis
  • Plagiocephaly / surgery
  • Plastic Surgery Procedures / methods*