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Ostracism Increases Automatic Aggression: The Role of Anger and Forgiveness


Ostracism Increases Automatic Aggression: The Role of Anger and Forgiveness

Denghao Zhang et al. Front Psychol.


While research on the "ostracism-aggression" link has focused on controlled processes in aggression, little effort has been devoted to examining the relation between ostracism and automatic aggression. Based on theories of aggression, we found that ostracized participants reported higher levels of automatic aggression than included participants (Studies 1 and 2). Furthermore, the association between ostracism and automatic aggression was mediated by anger and was especially prominent for people low in forgiveness (as compared to people high in forgiveness; Study 3). The implications of these findings are discussed.

Keywords: anger; automaticity; forgiveness; implicit association test; ostracism.


Figure 1
Figure 1
Anger partially mediates the effect of ostracism on automatic aggression in Study 3. Note: *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001.
Figure 2
Figure 2
Effects of ostracism and forgiveness on anger in Study 3.

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