Preharvest Glyphosate Application during Wheat Cultivation: Effects on Wheat Starch Physicochemical Properties

J Agric Food Chem. 2020 Jan 15;68(2):503-511. doi: 10.1021/acs.jafc.9b06456. Epub 2020 Jan 7.


Due to nonuniform maturation, some plants may not be at the recommended stage of maturity when preharvest glyphosate is applied. The objective of this study was to determine how preharvest glyphosate timing affects wheat starch physicochemical properties. Two wheat cultivars were grown in three locations, and glyphosate was applied at the soft dough stage (early application) and the ripe stage (commercial standard). Upon harvest, starch chemical characteristics were studied. The proportion of B-type starch granules was lower in treated samples, although the starch molecular weight was not affected. Rapidly digestible starch content was highest when glyphosate was applied at the ripe stage, and lowest in the control, and vice versa for slowly digestible starch. Additionally, flour pasting viscosity was significantly higher in samples treated at the soft dough stage. Overall, the effects on wheat starch physicochemical characteristics were more pronounced when glyphosate was applied at the soft dough stage of maturity.

Keywords: application time; glyphosate; physicochemical properties; starch; wheat.

MeSH terms

  • Chemical Phenomena
  • Glycine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Glycine / pharmacology
  • Glyphosate
  • Herbicides / pharmacology*
  • Seeds / chemistry
  • Seeds / drug effects
  • Seeds / growth & development
  • Seeds / metabolism
  • Starch / chemistry*
  • Starch / metabolism
  • Triticum / chemistry
  • Triticum / drug effects*
  • Triticum / growth & development*
  • Triticum / metabolism


  • Herbicides
  • Starch
  • Glycine