Metastatic peritoneal implants were assessed preoperatively with computed tomography (CT) in 38 patients with ovarian tumors. In the 106 biopsy specimens of gross peritoneal implants and the 118 random biopsy specimens obtained from these patients, metastatic deposits were detected in 27 of 38 (71%) patients and in 104 biopsy sites. CT depicted metastatic lesions in 17 of 27 (63%) patients and in 63 of 104 (61%) biopsy sites. The three sites most commonly involved were the right subphrenic region, the greater omentum, and the pouch of Douglas. The usefulness of CT in detecting lesions depended mainly on the location of the implant and the presence of adjacent ascites, rather than on lesion size.