Anti-PD-L1 (atezolizumab) as an immune primer and concurrently with extended-field chemoradiotherapy for node-positive locally advanced cervical cancer

Int J Gynecol Cancer. 2020 May;30(5):701-704. doi: 10.1136/ijgc-2019-001012. Epub 2019 Dec 22.


Background: There is a lack of data exploring the use and optimal timing of immunotherapy and chemoradiation therapy (CRT) in node-positive cervical cancer. Further translational research into mechanisms of response and resistance to immunotherapy in advanced cervical cancer is warranted.

Primary objectives: To determine if sequencing of atezolizumab and CRT result in differential immune activation, as determined by clonal expansion of T cell receptor beta (TCRB) repertoires in peripheral blood on day 21.

Study hypothesis: There is a difference for clonal expansion of T cell receptor beta repertoires in the peripheral blood at day 21 between the priming and concurrent atezolizumab and CRT in Arm A vs the concurrent atezolizumab and CRT in Arm B.

Trial design: Locally advanced cervical cancer patients with lymph node-positive disease will be randomized on this open-label, randomized trial with two experimental arms. Arm A will get one dose of atezolizumab prior to cisplatin CRT, and then two subsequent doses of atezolizumab during the CRT, and Arm B will get three doses during CRT. Patients will be followed for 2 years to assess outcomes.

Major inclusion/exclusion criteria: Patients must have histologically confirmed, newly diagnosed advanced cervical cancer (squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, and adenosquamous cell carcinoma): FIGO 2009 clinical stages IB2/IIA with positive para-aortic nodes, or FIGO 2009 clinical stages IIB/IIIB/IVA with positive pelvic or para-aortic lymph nodes. Exclusion criteria include those who had a prior hysterectomy or lymph node dissection.

Primary endpoints: Clonal expansion of TCRB) repertoires in peripheral blood on day 21.

Sample size: The sample size will be 40 patients.

Estimated dates for completing accrual and presenting results: We estimate accrual to finish by the summer of 2020 with presentation of results to follow in 2021.

Trial registration: NCT03738228.

Keywords: Cervical Cancer; Gynecology; Radiation.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial Protocol
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized / administration & dosage
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage*
  • Chemoradiotherapy
  • Cisplatin / administration & dosage
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lymph Nodes / pathology
  • Lymphatic Metastasis
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta / blood
  • Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta / immunology
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / immunology
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / radiotherapy*


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized
  • Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta
  • atezolizumab
  • Cisplatin

Associated data