Class effect of xanthine oxidase inhibitors on flow-mediated dilatation in hypertensive patients: A randomized controlled trial

J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2020 Mar;22(3):451-456. doi: 10.1111/jch.13757. Epub 2019 Dec 24.


A direct comparison of the effects of febuxostat and allopurinol on flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) will help to clarify which agent provides a better reduction of cardiovascular risk in hypertensive patients. Hypertensive patients with hyperuricemia were randomized into a febuxostat (10-40 mg, n = 33) or allopurinol (100-200 mg, n = 31) group and followed up for 6 months. Both the febuxostat (7.9 ± 1.3 mg/dL vs 5.6 ± 1.0 mg/dL, P < .001) and allopurinol (8.2 ± 1.3 mg/dL vs 6.1 ± 1.0 mg/dL, P < .001) groups exhibited significant reductions in uric acid after treatment. There was no significant difference in the change in FMD between the two treatment groups (0.6 ± 2.6% vs 0.2 ± 2.3%, P = .504). However, stratified analysis showed that febuxostat achieved a significantly greater change in FMD compared to allopurinol in the elderly group (1.3 ± 2.9% vs -0.7%±1.8%, P = .047). There was no difference in the improvement of FMD between febuxostat and allopurinol, but febuxostat may provide an improvement of FMD in elderly people.

Keywords: FMD; allopurinol; febuxostat; hypertension.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't