Enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis is an enteric pathogen which is described as a causative agent of various intestinal infections and inflammatory diseases. Moreover, various research studies have reported it to be a leading factor in the development of colorectal cancer. As a part of the normal human microbiome, its treatment has become quite a challenge due to the alarming resistance against the available antibiotics. Although, this particular strain of B. fragilis shows susceptibility to few antibiotics, it is pertinent to devise an effective vaccine strategy for its elimination. There is no vaccine available against this pathogen up to date; therefore, we systematically ventured the outer membrane toxin producing proteins found exclusively in the toxigenic B. fragilis through the in-silico approaches to predict a multi-epitopic chimeric vaccine construct. The designed protein constitutes of epitopes which are predicted for linear B cells, Helper and T cells of outer membrane proteins expected to be putative vaccine candidates. The finalized proteins are only expressed in the enterotoxigenic B. fragilis, thus proving them to be exclusive. The 3D structure of the protein was first predicted followed by its refinement and validation via utilizing the bioinformatic approaches. Docking of the designed protein with the TLR2 receptor forecasted apt binding. Upon immune simulation, notable levels were observed in the expression of the immune cells.
Conflict of interest statement
The authors declare no competing interests.
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