A novel truncating variant in ring finger protein 113A (RNF113A) confirms the association of this gene with X-linked trichothiodystrophy

Am J Med Genet A. 2020 Mar;182(3):513-520. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.61450. Epub 2019 Dec 27.


We describe an 11-year old boy with severe global developmental delays, failure to thrive and growth retardation, refractory seizures with recurrent status epilepticus, hypogammaglobulinemia, hypergonadotropic hypogonadism, and duodenal strictures. He had facial and skin findings compatible with trichothiodystrophy, including sparse and brittle hair, thin eyebrows, and dry skin. Exome sequencing showed a hemizygous, truncating variant in RNF113A, c.903_910delGCAGACCA, predicting p.(Gln302fs*12), that was inherited from his mother. Although his clinical features overlap closely with features described in the two previously reported male first cousins with RNF113A loss of function mutations, the duodenal strictures seen in this patient have not been reported. Interestingly, the patient's mother had short stature and 100% skewed X-inactivation as seen in other obligate female carriers. A second male with developmental delays, microcephaly, seizures, ambiguous genitalia, and facial anomalies that included sparse and brittle hair, thin eyebrows and dry skin was recently reported to have c.897_898delTG, predicting p.(Cys299*) in RNF113A and we provide additional clinical details for this patient. This report further supports deleterious variants in RNF113A as a cause of a novel trichothiodystrophy syndrome.

Keywords: RNF113A; spliceosome; trichothiodystrophy; zinc finger.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics*
  • Female
  • Genetic Association Studies
  • Genetic Diseases, X-Linked / diagnosis
  • Genetic Diseases, X-Linked / genetics*
  • Genetic Diseases, X-Linked / pathology
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mutation / genetics
  • Trichothiodystrophy Syndromes / diagnosis
  • Trichothiodystrophy Syndromes / genetics*
  • Trichothiodystrophy Syndromes / pathology
  • X Chromosome Inactivation / genetics


  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • RNF113A protein, human