Gender Differences in Motivation and Barriers for The Practice of Physical Exercise in Adolescence

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 Dec 25;17(1):168. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17010168.


A total of 852 adolescents between 12 and 17 years of age were evaluated (M = 14.86, SD = 1.67), randomly selected among a population of secondary school and Baccalaureate students. We applied an "ad hoc" questionnaire on sociodemographic data and the Self-Report of Reasons for the Practice of Physical Exercise (AMPEF) and Self-Report of Barriers to the Practice of Physical Exercise (ABPEF) questionnaires. The results obtained show a prevalence of competition, social recognition, and challenge as motivational factors, and fatigue or laziness as barriers to physical exercise among adolescents. With respect to gender, boys show a greater presence of motivations towards doing physical exercise, while girls show more barriers. In conclusion, the motivational factors and barriers interact and support each other for a better predisposition towards physical exercise.

Keywords: adolescence; barriers; correlation analysis; motivation; physical exercise.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Behavior*
  • Child
  • Exercise*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Motivation*
  • Schools*
  • Sex Factors
  • Students
  • Surveys and Questionnaires