Squamous cell carcinoma associated with inverted papilloma: Recurrence and prognostic factors

Oncol Lett. 2020 Jan;19(1):1082-1088. doi: 10.3892/ol.2019.11185. Epub 2019 Dec 4.

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to review the recurrence and prognostic factors of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) associated with inverted papilloma (IP). A retrospective chart review was conducted on 21 patients with SCC associated with IP, in the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses, between March 2007 to March 2017. All patients underwent surgical treatment: Surgery prior to or following adjuvant therapy was performed in 17 patients (81.0%). During a mean follow-up time of 47.4 months (range, 3-123 months), 9 patients (42.9%) experienced local recurrence, and the risk factors of T4 stage and invasive orbital cavity had a significant influence on recurrence. The 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival rates were 90.5, 75.4 and 68.5%, and the 1-, 3-, and 5-year disease-specific survival (DSS) rates were 90.5, 80.4 and 80.4%, respectively. The prognosis of patients with stage T4 was not satisfactory compared with those with stage T3 or less, and a positive surgical margin was also significantly associated with poor survival. Overall, SCC associated with IP has a favorable DSS, early diagnosis and complete resection of lesions is required for a good prognosis. Furthermore, aggressive surgical approaches combined with postoperative adjuvant therapy seem to be effective in tumors at stage T4.

Keywords: inverted papilloma; prognostic; recurrence; sinonasal; squamous cell carcinoma.