Osimertinib for Patients With Leptomeningeal Metastases Associated With EGFR T790M-Positive Advanced NSCLC: The AURA Leptomeningeal Metastases Analysis

J Thorac Oncol. 2020 Apr;15(4):637-648. doi: 10.1016/j.jtho.2019.12.113. Epub 2019 Dec 27.


Introduction: Osimertinib has shown promising activity in patients with leptomeningeal metastases (LMs) of EGFR-positive NSCLC at 160 mg once daily (qd) (BLOOM; NCT02228369). We report LM activity with osimertinib (80 mg qd) in a retrospective analysis of studies across the AURA program (AURA extension, AURA2, AURA17, and AURA3).

Methods: Patients with EGFR T790M-positive advanced NSCLC and progression after previous EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy received osimertinib (80 mg qd). Patients with central nervous system (CNS) metastases (including LMs) were eligible if the lesions were neurologically asymptomatic and stable. Patients with evidence of LMs at the study entry were retrospectively included for the analysis; brain scans were assessed for radiologic LM response by neuroradiologically blinded, independent central review per the modified Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology LM criteria. LM objective response rate, duration of response, progression-free survival, and overall survival were assessed. A longitudinal analysis was performed to investigate the relationship between changes from the baseline in non-CNS tumor sizes and LM responses at each visit of patients in AURA LM and BLOOM studies.

Results: For the 22 patients included in the analysis, LM objective response rate was 55% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 32-76). Median LM duration of response was not reached (95% CI: 2.8-not calculable [NC]). Median LM progression-free survival and overall survival were 11.1 months (95% CI: 4.6-NC) and 18.8 months (95% CI: 6.3-NC), respectively. The longitudinal analysis revealed similar non-CNS and LM responses between the patients in AURA LM and BLOOM programs.

Conclusions: Patients with EGFR T790M-positive NSCLC and radiologically detected LM obtained clinical benefit from osimertinib (80 mg qd).

Keywords: EGFR mutation; Leptomeningeal metastases; NSCLC; Osimertinib; T790M.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acrylamides
  • Aniline Compounds / therapeutic use
  • Antineoplastic Agents* / therapeutic use
  • ErbB Receptors / genetics
  • ErbB Receptors / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms* / drug therapy
  • Mutation
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors / therapeutic use
  • Retrospective Studies


  • Acrylamides
  • Aniline Compounds
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors
  • osimertinib
  • EGFR protein, human
  • ErbB Receptors