Ventricular hypertrophy is a risk factors for arrhythmias, ischemia and sudden death. It involves cellular modifications leading to a pathological remodeling and is associated with heart failure. The activation of the G protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER) mediates beneficial actions in the cardiovascular system. Our goal was to prevent and regress the hypertrophy by the activation of GPER in neonatal cardiac myocytes (NRCM) and SHR male rats. Aldosterone increased the neonatal cardiomyocytes cell surface area after 48 h of incubation. The aldo-induced hypertrophy was blocked by the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) inhibitor Eplererone or the reduction of MR expression by siRNA. The activation of GPER by the agonist G-1 totally prevented the increase surface area by Ald. The transfection of neonatal rat cardiac myocytes with a siRNA against GPER or the incubation with GPER blockers G-15 and G-36 inhibited the protection of G-1. The significant increase of cell surface area after 48 h of incubation with Ald was totally regressed in 24 h by the presence of G-1, indicating that the activation of GPER not only prevent the hypertrophy but also regress the hypertrophy when it is already established. In the in vivo model, G-1 or Vehicle was constantly infused via the minipump to SHR. The reduction of the hypertrophy by G-1 was evident by the cross-sectional area, BNP and ANP markers and by echocardiography. In this studied we demonstrated that the activation of GPER prevented and regressed the hypertrophy induced by Ald in NRCM and regressed hypertrophy in SHR rats.
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