The Next 50 Years of Neuroscience

J Neurosci. 2020 Jan 2;40(1):101-106. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0744-19.2019.


On the 50th anniversary of the Society for Neuroscience, we reflect on the remarkable progress that the field has made in understanding the nervous system, and look forward to the contributions of the next 50 years. We predict a substantial acceleration of our understanding of the nervous system that will drive the development of new therapeutic strategies to treat diseases over the course of the next five decades. We also see neuroscience at the nexus of many societal topics beyond medicine, including education, consumerism, and the justice system. In combination, advances made by basic, translational, and clinical neuroscience research in the next 50 years have great potential for lasting improvements in human health, the economy, and society.

Publication types

  • Historical Article

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Behavior, Animal
  • Forecasting
  • Gene Editing
  • History, 20th Century
  • History, 21st Century
  • Humans
  • Interdisciplinary Communication
  • Mental Disorders / diagnosis
  • Mental Disorders / genetics
  • Mental Disorders / therapy
  • Nerve Net / physiology
  • Nervous System Diseases / genetics
  • Nervous System Diseases / therapy
  • Neurogenesis
  • Neurosciences / history
  • Neurosciences / trends*
  • Organoids
  • Research
  • Social Change