Low expression of RecQ-like helicase 5 is associated with poor prognosis in patients with gastric cancer

Oncol Lett. 2020 Jan;19(1):985-991. doi: 10.3892/ol.2019.11137. Epub 2019 Nov 21.


The role of RecQ-like helicase 5 (RECQL5) in gastric cancer (GC) is unclear. This study investigated the expression, clinicopathological association and prognosis of RECQL5 protein in human GC. Firstly, the Oncomine database was used to determine the mRNA expression levels of RECQL5 in GC samples. GC samples and adjacent normal gastric tissue samples were subsequently assessed to determine RECQL5 protein expression levels using immunohistochemistry. The clinicopathological association with RECQL5 expression was analyzed. Multivariate Cox analysis was performed to determine the relationship between RECQL5 expression and survival outcomes. Data from the Oncomine database revealed that RECQL5 mRNA was significantly downregulated in GC tissues compared with that in normal gastric tissues (P<0.05). These results were then validated at the protein level as RECQL5 protein expression was found to be significantly downregulated in GC samples compared with that in normal gastric tissues (P<0.05). Low expression of RECQL5 was significantly associated with depth of tumor invasion, histological differentiation and TNM stage (all P<0.05) and indicated poor prognosis in patients with GC. Multivariate analysis revealed that low RECQL5 expression and depth of invasion were independent prognostic factors for GC (P<0.05). These results suggest that low expression of RECQL5 is associated with carcinogenesis and invasion in GC and with poor overall survival in patients with GC. RECQL5 may be a novel prognostic marker for patients with GC.

Keywords: RecQ-like helicase 5; gastric cancer; immunohistochemistry; prognosis.