Sonic hedgehog signaling in epithelial tissue development

Regen Med Res. 2019;7:3. doi: 10.1051/rmr/190004. Epub 2019 Dec 31.

Abstract

The Sonic hedgehog (SHH) signaling pathway is essential for embryonic development and tissue regeneration. The dysfunction of SHH pathway is involved in a variety of diseases, including cancer, birth defects, and other diseases. Here we reviewed recent studies on main molecules involved in the SHH signaling pathway, specifically focused on their function in epithelial tissue and appendages development, including epidermis, touch dome, hair, sebaceous gland, mammary gland, tooth, nail, gastric epithelium, and intestinal epithelium. The advance in understanding the SHH signaling pathway will give us more clues to the mechanisms of tissue repair and regeneration, as well as the development of new treatment for diseases related to dysregulation of SHH signaling pathway.

Keywords: Sonic hedgehog; epidermis; gastric epithelium; intestinal epithelium; mammary gland; skin appendages.