A combined OMICS screening approach of human plasma and serum was used to characterize protein and metabolome signatures displaying association to severity of Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). 240 serum and BD P100 EDTA plasma samples from patients diagnosed with CAP, collected during the day of enrolment to the hospital, were analyzed by a metabolomic and proteomic approach, respectively. Disease severity of CAP patients was stratified using the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score. Quantitative proteome and metabolome data, derived by LC-MS/MS, were associated to SOFA and specific parameters of SOFA using linear regression models adjusted for age, BMI, sex, smoking and technical variables. Both proteome and metabolome profiling revealed remarkable strong changes in plasma and serum composition in relation to severity of CAP. Proteins and metabolites displaying SOFA associated levels are involved in immune response, particularly in processes of lipid metabolism. Proteins, which show an association to SOFA score, are involved in acute phase response, coagulation, complement activation and inflammation. Many of these metabolites and proteins displayed not only associations to SOFA, but also to parameters of SOFA score, which likely reflect the strong influence of lung-, liver-, kidney- and heart-dysfunction on the metabolome and proteome patterns. SIGNIFICANCE: Community-acquired pneumonia is the most frequent infection disease with high morbidity and mortality. So far, only few studies focused on the identification of proteins or metabolites associated to severity of CAP, often based on smaller sample sets. A screening for new diagnostic markers requires extensive sample collections in combination with high quality clinical data. To characterize the proteomic and metabolomics pattern associated to severity of CAP we performed a combined metabolomics and proteomic approach of serum and plasma sample from a multi-center clinical study focused on patients with CAP, requiring hospitalization. The results of this association study of omics data to the SOFA score enable not only an interpretation of changes in molecular patterns with severity of CAP but also an assignment of altered molecules to dysfunctions of respiratory, renal, coagulation, cardiovascular systems as well as liver.
Keywords: Community acquired pneumonia; LC-MS/MS; Lipid metabolism; Plasma; Proteomics; Serum.
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