Callous - unemotional (CU) traits are a key factor in understanding the persistence and severity of conduct problems. Most research has used confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to examine the structure of CU traits; however, most CFA models have yielded marginally acceptable fit, and little research has examined the structure of CU traits in preschool. This gap highlights the need for a more nuanced approach in understanding the structure of CU traits during preschool via statistical examination of inter - item relationships (i.e., network analysis). Therefore, the current study used both CFA and network analysis in a sample of 104 preschool children (M age = 4.76). CFA results best supported a two - factor structure of the ICU, comprised of callous and uncaring factors, using 12 of the original 24 items from the ICU, although fit was only marginally acceptable. Network community analyses identified four clusters of items characterized as Uncaring, Lack of Remorse, Unconcerned, and Callous. Items identified as most central to the network were: Does not care who he/she hurts to get what they want, Does not care if he/she is in trouble, and Seems very cold and uncaring. Overall, network analysis suggests several important potential refinements to CU structure including possible alternative factor models which merit consideration in future work. In addition, the identified central items could be useful for screening.
Keywords: Antisocial; Callous-unemotional; Confirmatory factor analysis; Network Analysis; Preschool.
Assessing Callous-Unemotional Traits in Chinese Detained Boys: Factor Structure and Construct Validity of the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional TraitsX Zhang et al. Front Psychol 10, 1841. PMID 31440192.The Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (ICU) was designed to evaluate multiple facets of Callous-Unemotional (CU) traits in youths. However, no study has examined th …
[Psychometric Properties of the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits in a High-Risk Sample of Adolescent Boy]E Szabó et al. Psychiatr Hung 34 (3), 266-279. PMID 31570658.The ICU is a reliable and valid measure of callous-unemotional traits. Our results support the application of the Hungarian version of the questionnaire.
Can Callous-Unemotional Traits Be Reliably Measured in Preschoolers?ER Kimonis et al. J Abnorm Child Psychol 44 (4), 625-38. PMID 26344015.Callous-unemotional (CU) traits designate an important subgroup of antisocial individuals at risk for early-starting, severe, and persistent conduct problems, but this co …
Is Callous Always Cold? A Critical Review of the Literature on Emotion and the Development of Callous-Unemotional Traits in ChildrenJC Northam et al. Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev. PMID 31912346. - ReviewLow emotional responsiveness is considered a core feature of callous-unemotional (CU) traits in childhood and, in the context of antisocial behavior, a precursor of psych …
Antisocial Behaviour in Children With and Without Callous-Unemotional TraitsE Viding et al. J R Soc Med 105 (5), 195-200. PMID 22637770. - ReviewMore than 15 years of research have documented behavioural differences between callous-unemotional and non-callous subtypes of children with antisocial behaviour. Recent …