Fidelity of translation initiation is required for coordinated respiratory complex assembly

Sci Adv. 2019 Dec 20;5(12):eaay2118. doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aay2118. eCollection 2019 Dec.


Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomes are unique molecular machines that translate 11 leaderless mRNAs; however, it is not clear how mitoribosomes initiate translation, since mitochondrial mRNAs lack untranslated regions. Mitochondrial translation initiation shares similarities with prokaryotes, such as the formation of a ternary complex of fMet-tRNAMet, mRNA and the 28S subunit, but differs in the requirements for initiation factors. Mitochondria have two initiation factors: MTIF2, which closes the decoding center and stabilizes the binding of the fMet-tRNAMet to the leaderless mRNAs, and MTIF3, whose role is not clear. We show that MTIF3 is essential for survival and that heart- and skeletal muscle-specific loss of MTIF3 causes cardiomyopathy. We identify increased but uncoordinated mitochondrial protein synthesis in mice lacking MTIF3, resulting in loss of specific respiratory complexes. Ribosome profiling shows that MTIF3 is required for recognition and regulation of translation initiation of mitochondrial mRNAs and for coordinated assembly of OXPHOS complexes in vivo.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cardiomyopathy, Dilated / genetics
  • Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-3 / genetics
  • Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-3 / metabolism*
  • Female
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Mitochondria / metabolism
  • Mitochondrial Proteins / metabolism*
  • Oxidative Phosphorylation*
  • Protein Biosynthesis / physiology*
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • RNA, Mitochondrial / genetics
  • RNA, Mitochondrial / metabolism
  • RNA, Transfer, Met / metabolism
  • Ribosomes / metabolism


  • Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-3
  • Mitochondrial Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • RNA, Mitochondrial
  • RNA, Transfer, Met
  • mitochondrial messenger RNA
  • tRNA, formylmethionine-