Pericardial diseases have been until recently relatively neglected entity; however, there has been a markedly increased interest in these disorders in the last decade due to new diagnostic as well as therapeutic options. Various clinical manifestations of pericardial diseases may be generally grouped into pericardial syndromes including pericarditis, pericardial effusion, cardiac tamponade and constrictive pericarditis. In this review, the comprehensive analysis of acute and recurrent pericarditis is presented. Acute and recurrent pericarditis represent the most common pericardial disorders in clinical practice, in which major changes in therapeutic procedures occurred based on recently published trials, particularly the introduction of colchicine therapy.
Keywords: acute pericarditis; colchicine; magnetic resonance; pericardial effusion; recurrent pericarditis.