Replicative DNA helicases are essential cellular enzymes that unwind duplex DNA in front of the replication fork during chromosomal DNA replication. Replicative helicases were discovered, beginning in the 1970s, in bacteria, bacteriophages, viruses, and eukarya, and, in the mid-1990s, in archaea. This year marks the 20th anniversary of the first report on the archaeal replicative helicase, the minichromosome maintenance (MCM) protein. This minireview summarizes 2 decades of work on the archaeal MCM.
Keywords: DNA replication; MCM; archaea; helicase; minichromosome maintenance; three-dimensional structure.
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