Analysis of the Influence of Interleukin-1β Gene Polymorphism on Gastric Inflammatory Response and Precancerous Lesions Development in Patients with Functional Dyspepsia

Immunol Invest. 2020 Jul;49(5):585-596. doi: 10.1080/08820139.2019.1710532. Epub 2020 Jan 7.


The present study aimed to evaluate the influence of the IL1B -31C/T polymorphism on gastric inflammatory response and precancerous lesions development - atrophic gastritis (AG) and intestinal metaplasia (IM) - in patients positive for Helicobacter pylori infection with functional dyspepsia (FD). The diagnosis of FD followed the Rome III criteria, and the H. pylori infection was evaluated by urease test and histological examination of gastric biopsies (corpus, antrum, and incisura). The severity of chronic inflammation and inflammatory activity, as well as the presence of precancerous lesions were evaluated accordingly to the updated Sydney System. Genotyping of the IL1B -31C/T polymorphism (rs1143627) was performed by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. A total of 303 patients positive for H. pylori infection with FD were analyzed (81.8% women; mean age of 46.3 ± 12.3 years). No differences were observed in overall genotype frequencies among outcomes evaluated. However, in the dominant -31C allele model (CC+CT vs. TT), the frequency of the TT genotype was significantly higher among patients with moderate/severe chronic inflammation of the antrum than the frequency of the CC+CT genotypes (80.8% vs. 65.2%; OR = 2.25; 95% CI = 1.23-4.24; P = .005). The presence of AG and IM in the gastric mucosa of patients was of 19.5% and 19.1%, respectively. No significant association was observed concerning the frequencies of the genotypes of IL1B -31C/T polymorphism with development of precancerous lesions. In conclusion, our data suggest that genetic variants of the IL1B -31C/T polymorphism play a role in chronic inflammation of the gastric mucosa in H. pylori-infected FD patients.

Keywords: Helicobacter pylori; Interleukin-1beta; dyspepsia; gastritis; metaplasia; polymorphism.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Dyspepsia / genetics*
  • Female
  • Gastritis / genetics*
  • Gene Frequency
  • Genetic Association Studies
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Genotype*
  • Helicobacter Infections / genetics*
  • Helicobacter Infections / immunology
  • Helicobacter pylori / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Inflammation / genetics*
  • Interleukin-1beta / genetics*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
  • Precancerous Conditions


  • Interleukin-1beta