Bond strength and adaptation of pulp capping materials to dentin

Microsc Res Tech. 2020 May;83(5):514-522. doi: 10.1002/jemt.23440. Epub 2020 Jan 8.


This study evaluated the shear bond strength (SBS) and internal marginal adaptation of pulp-capping materials to dentin. Flat occlusal deep dentin surfaces were produced and randomly assigned to two groups (sound or artificial caries-affected dentin). The specimens in each group were assigned to one of seven subgroups according to the materials used: Biodentine, Theracal LC, Ultra-Blend plus, Calcimol LC, ApaCal ART, EQUIA Forte, and Ionoseal. Buildups (3-mm inner diameter and 2-mm deep) were made over the dentin surfaces. The bonded specimens were tested under shear forces at a crosshead speed of 0.8 mm/min and fracture modes were determined using a stereomicroscope at 25× magnification. The materials were applied to the pulp floor of prepared Class I cavities and then the cavities were restored with composite resin. Restored molar teeth were subjected to 5,000 thermocycles and sectioned in a bucco-lingual direction. Resin replicas were made to determine the adaptation at the pulp floor with scanning electron microscopy. Significant differences were determined among both bond strengths and gap formations of the materials. EQUIA Forte applied to both dentin substrates had a significantly higher SBS than the other materials. The bond strength of each material was not influenced by the dentin condition. Biodentine (3.03%), EQUIA Forte (7.83%), and Theracal LC (13.37%) had lower gap formations compared to other materials but were not significantly different from each other.

Keywords: adaptation; bond strength; pulp capping; replica; scanning electron microscopy.

MeSH terms

  • Dental Bonding*
  • Dental Pulp / ultrastructure
  • Dental Pulp Capping*
  • Dentin / chemistry*
  • Dentin / ultrastructure*
  • Dentin-Bonding Agents / chemistry*
  • Humans
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Materials Testing
  • Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
  • Molar


  • Dentin-Bonding Agents