Variables associated with interprofessional collaboration: a comparison between primary healthcare and specialized mental health teams

BMC Fam Pract. 2020 Jan 8;21(1):4. doi: 10.1186/s12875-019-1076-7.


Background: This study has two aims: first, to identify variables associated with interprofessional collaboration (IPC) among a total of 315 Quebec mental health (MH) professionals working in MH primary care teams (PCTs, N = 101) or in specialized service teams (SSTs, N = 214); and second, to compare IPC associated variables in MH-PCTs vs MH-SSTs.

Methods: A large number of variables acknowledged as strongly related to IPC in the literature were tested. Multivariate regression models were performed on MH-PCTs and MH-SSTs respectively.

Results: Results showed that knowledge integration, team climate and multifocal identification were independently and positively associated with IPC in both MH-PCTs and MH-SSTs. By contrast, knowledge sharing was positively associated with IPC in MH-PCTs only, and organizational support positively associated with IPC in MH-SSTs. Finally, one variable (age) was significantly and negatively associated with IPC in SSTs.

Conclusions: Improving IPC and making MH teams more successful require the development and implementation of differentiated professional skills in MH-PCTs and MH-SSTs by care managers depending upon the level of care required (primary or specialized). Training is also needed for the promotion of interdisciplinary values and improvement of interprofessional knowledge regarding IPC.

Keywords: Interprofessional collaboration; Mental health teams; Primary care teams; Specialized services teams; Variables associated.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cooperative Behavior*
  • Female
  • Group Processes
  • Health Personnel*
  • Humans
  • Interprofessional Relations*
  • Male
  • Mental Health Services*
  • Middle Aged
  • Organizational Culture
  • Patient Care Team
  • Primary Health Care*
  • Psychiatric Nursing
  • Psychiatry
  • Psychology
  • Quebec
  • Social Work