Effect of Self-Efficacy on Quality of Life in People With Mild Cognitive Impairment and Mild Dementia: The Mediating Roles of Depression and Anxiety

Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen. Jan-Dec 2020;35:1533317519885264. doi: 10.1177/1533317519885264.

Abstract

Objectives: To examine the mediating effects of depression and anxiety in the relationship between self-efficacy and quality of life among people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or mild dementia.

Method: A total of 196 patients diagnosed with MCI or dementia due to Alzheimer disease completed structured measures of self-efficacy, quality of life, and depressive and anxiety symptoms. We examined direct and mediated effects by fitting structural equation models to data.

Results: Our analyses supported that the effects of self-efficacy on quality of life may be partially mediated by depression and anxiety. Both anxiety and depression had significant mediating effects, with depression showing a stronger effect.

Conclusion: These results suggest that increased self-efficacy may have a positive effect on quality of life in people with MCI or dementia-partly by reducing depression and anxiety. These findings may have important practical implications for tailoring therapeutic interventions.

Keywords: Alzheimer disease; dementia; depression; mild cognitive impairment; self-efficacy.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Alzheimer Disease
  • Anxiety
  • Cognitive Dysfunction / psychology*
  • Dementia / psychology*
  • Depression / psychology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Quality of Life / psychology*
  • Self Efficacy*