Assessment of healthy lifestyle behaviors in traveling seasonal agricultural workers

Public Health. 2020 Mar;180:149-153. doi: 10.1016/j.puhe.2019.11.013. Epub 2020 Jan 6.

Abstract

Objectives: The deficiencies in working conditions, fees, housing conditions, and nutritional capabilities have negative influences on health of seasonal agricultural workers. It is highly important to adopt healthy lifestyle behaviors in this group of individuals. This study aimed to identify healthy lifestyle behaviors in seasonal agricultural workers.

Study design: This is a descriptive study performed with seasonal agricultural workers.

Methods: This descriptive study was performed by 508 seasonal agricultural workers, who worked temporarily in Kayseri Province between June 2016 and November 2016. The data were collected by a sociodemographic questionnaire including items on demographic characteristics such as age, gender, marital status, and education level. The Healthy Lifestyle Behavior Scale (HLBS) II was used to assess healthy lifestyle behaviors. The data from 118 seasonal agricultural workers were included to the analysis. Descriptive data are summarized as count and percent, whereas total and subdomain scores from HLBS II are summarized as min-max, standard deviation, and mean values.

Results: In the study population, mean age was 29.2 ± 12.1 years. Of the study population, 33.9% were women whereas 59.6% were married, and 65.2% were graduated from primary school or higher. The mean total score was 86.7 ± 7.3 ranging from 70 to 112 in HLBS II. The interpersonal support score showed highest value among subdomains.

Conclusions: It was found that healthy lifestyle behaviors were moderately adopted by seasonal agricultural workers.

Keywords: Health education; Healthy lifestyle behavior; Lifestyle; Traveling agricultural workers.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Farmers / psychology*
  • Farmers / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Health Behavior*
  • Healthy Lifestyle*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Seasons
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Transients and Migrants / psychology*
  • Transients and Migrants / statistics & numerical data
  • Young Adult